The human body is composed of 60 trillion cells. Cells are the smallest structural and functional units that work to sustain life.
The origins of all cells in the human body come from one particular type of cell called stem cells.
Stem cells have excellent Self-replicating ability and have differentiation ability to various tissues according to the enviroment in which they are located.
Stem cells are undiffentiated biological cells that can differentiate into various tissues such as muscles and nerves.
The the world is interested in the use of stem cells as it has infinite possibilities in the fields of beauty and medicine.
There are two major types of stem cell: embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells.
Adult stem cells are primordial cells just before they are differentiated into human organ cells, and are divided into cord blood stem cells, bone marrow stem cells,
and adipose-derived mesenchymall stem cells. These cell types differ depending on the parts of the body they are located.
Audult stem cells are relatively easy to extract and are safer than embryonic stem cells which has risk of cell transformation.
|Embryonic stem cell||Adult stem cell|
|Harvested from fertilized eggs||Harvested from body parts such as recapital blood, fat, and bone marrow|
|Differentiation function into all cells||Differentiation function into specific cells|
|Ethical controversy as it is taken from fertilized eggs||No ethical controversy|
Cell culture fluid creates an environment in which stem cells can be biologically active as if they were inside the body even outside the
Stem cells undergo a biologically active process in this culture medium and release various components that are effective for the human body into the culture medium.
It helps to moisturize the skin, improve skin elasticity, and strengthens skin barrier.